Fig or Anjeer as it is known in India is a small pear or bell-shaped flowering plant that belongs to the mulberry family and scientifically termed as Ficus carcia. The fruit is a native of the Middle East, Asia, Turkey and also widely cultivated commercially in the USA and Spain. In India fig is commercially grown in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Coimbatore. Figs are extremely sweet fruits with several crunchy seeds.
Dried fig is highly valued for its umpteen amount of antioxidants, polyphenols, fibre and other vital nutrients . Anjeer is extremely sweet, soft, succulent, juicy and fleshy and paste of the fruit is used as a substitute for sugar as it is a healthier option than corn syrup or sucrose.
Figs are low on calories. around 100 grams of fresh figs provide just 74 calories and immensely rich in soluble dietary fibre, essential nutrients and a host of plant compounds that contribute to healing health benefits. Figs are a powerhouse of antioxidant flavonoids which include carotenes, lutein, tannins, chlorogenic acids and Vitamins A, E and K which assists in scavenging free radicals and prevents a host of chronic diseases like Cancer, Diabetes and reduces inflammation.
Moreover, fresh figs are heaped with B complex Vitamins like Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folates, and Pantothenic Acid which acts as co-factors for metabolism dried figs are super-rich in minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium, selenium and zinc. while potassium aids in balancing the body fluids that regulate blood pressure and heart rate, iron is a vital mineral essential for the formation of red blood cells and overall health.
Nutrition Value Per 100g of Fresh Fig
|Total Fat||0.30 g|
|Dietary Fiber||2.9 g|
|Pantothenic acid||0.300 mg|
|Vitamin A||142 IU|
|Vitamin C||2 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.11 mg|
|Vitamin K||4.7 µg|
*Source As Per USDA
The richness of essential nutrients like protein, carbohydrate, fibre, vitamins A, C and minerals iron, calcium in anjeer hydrates the respiratory system and naturally clears the phlegm, soothes the sore throat, reduces the cough and other lung obstructions.
Sustains Weight Loss
Figs are an ideal snack for the ones who wish to lose weight. The richness of soluble fibre in dried figs keeps you satiated, curbs appetite and dense nutrients aid in losing weight. As per the study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, a high fibre diet assists in losing extra fats.
Regulates Blood Pressure
The abundance of potassium in anjeer helps in regulating high blood pressure. Potassium is a vital mineral that aids the body in controlling blood pressure as it facilitates to refute negative impacts of sodium.The goodness of potassium in figs helps to stimulate the functioning of muscles and nerves, balances the fluid in the system and maintains the electrolyte balance.Managing blood pressure can help in dilating blood vessels, improving blood circulation, relaxes and can also ease stress.Thus figs are the best fruit to add on to a high blood pressure diet.
Dried Figs are highly praised as one of the best fruits to replenish and soothe the intestines. It acts as a natural laxative as it is loaded with a good amount of soluble fibre. Evidence strongly proves that anjeer dense in fibre content can promote normal bowel function, add bulk to stool and ease the bowel movement averting constipation and serves as a natural remedy to treat digestive disorders like stomach flu.
The natural laxative property of figs aids in lowering the pressure on the rectum thereby easing the haemorrhoids.
Figs are heaped with a rich array of essential minerals and vitamins which play a key role in strengthening bones and lowers the risk of osteoporosis. Being one of the foods rich in calcium and phosphorus anjeer promotes the formation of bones and stimuli regrowth of bones if there is any injury or deterioration of bones. A serving of fresh stewed figs offers you with 180 mg of calcium and vital vitamins C and K necessary for strengthening the bone density.
The American Diabetic Association recommends anjeer to be taken as part of a regular diet as it is high on fibre which assists in stabilizing the blood sugar levels. The leaves of figs are also heaped with vital nutrients that facilitate to lower the insulin needs for individuals who are on insulin. Furthermore, anjeer with ample amount of potassium helps to regulate blood sugar spikes post meals and maintain blood glucose levels under control.
Promotes Heart Health
Several pieces of evidence reveal that figs lower the level of triglycerides in the bloodstream and avert the risk of heart disease. Anjeer rich in soluble fibre pectin clears away the clogged cholesterol and eliminates it out of the body through the excretory system. In addition, high on antioxidants and potassium dried figs regulate blood pressure, scavenges free radicals from the body and prevent blockage of arteries and lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Treats Alzheimer’s Disease
Evidence strongly supports that a diet abundant in figs helps in treating neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s and eases neuroinflammation. Anjeer is loaded with umpteen amounts of dietary fibre, copper, zinc, magnesium, potassium, vitamin K and antioxidants promote memory, reduce anxiety and improves the learning skills in Alzheimer’s patients.
Prevents Age Related Macular Degeneration
Fig is a valued fruit as it assists in preventing age related macular degeneration, a major reason behind vison loss in elderly people. Regular intake promotes healthy vision in all age groups.
Dry anjeer is highly beneficial for people suffering from insomnia and it is one of the sleep inducing foods. The goodness of tryptophan promotes sound sleep by improving blood circulation in the body.
The presence of phenolic compounds in anjeer exhibits anti-caries activity and thwarts off bacteria causing dental infection. The flavonoids and phytochemicals in anjeer fruit exhibit potent antibacterial activities which reduce bacterial infections, guard gums, teeth and promotes overall dental health.
Figs For Skin Health
Anjeer is been used extensively in traditional medicine for treating various skin problems including eczema, vitiligo and psoriasis. The latex of the fig tree shows a remarkable antiwart property. The proteolytic activity of latex enzyme aids to remove warts on the body without causing any side effects.
Wrinkle Free Skin
The powerful antioxidant and anti collagenase properties of fig extract is beneficial for lessening wrinkles and makes the skin look supple. Fig extract is used widely in various skin formulations which have proven to reduce the skin melanin, water loss and sebum. Moreover, fig extract improves the skin hydration and works as a natural remedy for hyper -pigmentation, acne and wrinkles.
The wealth of nutrients in anjeer like vitamin C, E and A and potent antioxidants is highly beneficial to nurture the skin and rejuvenate skin cells.
Figs are incredibly high on iron, potassium, magnesium and vitamins A and E which play a key role in promoting growth of stronger tresses. Figs extract are highly praised used in the beauty industry for strengthening and improving hair moisture, conditions tangled mane, makes the hair frizz- free, look lustrous and strong
Treats Sexual Problems
Figs are a wonder fruit and highly used since ancient times for treating various sexual dysfunctions like sterility, low stamina and erectile dysfunction. The wealth of vitamins B6, A and minerals potassium, copper and magnesium increase the semen production. Dried figs are super-rich in amino acids and it works as a great aphrodisiac fruit by increasing vitality and libido. Figs are also valuable for adolescent girls to alleviate PMS symptoms and regulates the cycle. Moreover, several studies have proven that figs are effective in treating the underlying causes of erectile dysfunction.