Tulsi Plant


Tulsi or Holy basil is a widely known herb in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to India and vastly cultivated throughout Southeast Asia.

Tulsi has proved to be highly effective in protecting our body from various infections and diseases of the heart, liver, skin, kidney, etc. So, Tulsi is rightly called the ‘Queen of Herbs’.

Tulsi is rich in Vitamin C and zinc. It thus acts as a natural immunity booster and keeps infections at bay. It has immense anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties which protect us from a variety of infections. Tulsi leaves extract increases the T helper cells and natural killer cells activity, boosting the immune system. It is considered sacred by Hindus and worshipped by them. Three main types of Tulsi are India:

  1. Bright green leaves called Ram Tulsi
  2. Purplish green leaves called Krishna Tulsi
  3. Common wild Vana Tulsi.

Nutritional Value:

Tulsi leaves are rich in vitamins A, C, and K and minerals like calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and potassium. It also has a good amount of protein and fiber.

Chemical Constituents

  • Tulsi contains Volatile oil
  • The oil contain about

70% Eugenol
20% methyl – Eugenol
β – Caryophyllene


  • Tulsi has antioxidant properties and reduces blood glucose levels. Thus it is useful for diabetic.
  • Tulsi reduces total cholesterol levels. Thus it is useful for heart disease patients.
  • Tulsi reduces blood pressure.
  • Tulsi is also used to prepare herbal tea. It helps in building up stamina.
  • It has been used for gastric disorders, cough, common colds, malaria, headaches.
  • It is used as mouth wash for reducing tooth ache.
  • Tulsi oil shows larvicidal activity against malarial larva.
  • It has immuno-modulatory properties. It contains phyto-chemicals which provide all these beneficial effects.
  • Many herbal cosmetics contain tulsi. It is also used in skin ointments due to its anti-bacterial properties.
  • Tulsi acts as insect repellant. So it is used to store grains.
  • Recent research shows that tulsi does have analgesic ( pain killer) properties similar to COX 2 inhibitor drugs.
  • Ursolic acid, a chemical in tulsi may have a role as antifertility ( contraceptive) agent in future.
  • It has antiviral, antibacterial, antitubercular, antifungal, antimalarial properties.

Medicinal properties

1.Healing Power:

The tulsi plant has many medicinal properties. The leaves are a nerve tonic and also sharpen memory. They promote the removal of the catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tube. The leaves strengthen the stomach and induce copious perspiration. The seed of the plant are mucilaginous.

2.Fever & Common Cold:

The leaves of basil are specific for many fevers. During the rainy season, when malaria and dengue fever are widely prevalent, tender leaves, boiled with tea, act as preventive against theses diseases. In case of acute fevers, a decoction of the leaves boiled with powdered cardamom in half a liter of water and mixed with sugar and milk brings down the temperature. The juice of tulsi leaves can be used to bring down fever.


Tulsi is an important constituent of many Ayurvedic cough syrups and expectorants. It helps to mobilize mucus in bronchitis and asthma. Chewing tulsi leaves relieves cold and flu.

4.Sore Throat:

Water boiled with basil leaves can be taken as drink in case of sore throat.

5.Respiratory Disorder:

The herb is useful in the treatment of respiratory system disorder. A decoction of the leaves, with honey and ginger is an effective remedy for bronchitis,asthma,influenza,coughandcold


Basil leaves are regarded as an ‘adaptogen’ or anti-stress agent. Recent studies have shown that the leaves afford significant protection against stress. Even healthy persons can chew 12 leaves of basil, twice a day, to prevent stress. It purifies blood and helps prevent several common elements.

  1. Mouth Infections:

The leaves are quit effective for the ulcer and infections in the mouth. A few leaves chewed will cure these conditions.

  1. Insect Bites:

The herb is a prophylactic or preventive and curative for insect stings or bites. A teaspoonful of the juice of the leaves is taken and is repeated after a few hours. Fresh juice must also be applied to the affected parts. A paste of fresh roots is also effective in case of bites of insects and leeches.

9. Skin Disorders:

Applied locally, basil juice is beneficial in the treatment of ringworm and other skin diseases. It has also been tried successfully by some naturopaths in the treatment of leucoderma.

10. Teeth Disorder

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