Myths vs facts

Some common myths among people and their contradictory fact check.

  • Myth: Thermal scanners can detect coronavirus
  • Fact:Thermal scanners are effective in detecting people who have a fever. However, they cannot detect people who are infected with Covid-19. There are many causes of fever.
  • Myth: Hydroxychloroquine, Gilead’s remdesivir, and other drugs can cure coronavirus
  • Fact:While several drug trials are on-going, there is currently no proof that either hydroxychloroquine or any other drug can cure or prevent Covid-19.
  • Myth: Adding pepper to meals prevents/cures coronavirus
  • Fact:While pepper in soups and other meals can enhance their taste, it cannot prevent or cure coronavirus. Practise social distancing, wash your hands thoroughly and frequently, use hand sanitizers, and face masks to avoid coming in contact with the virus.
  • Myth: Coronavirusis spread through house flies and mosquitos.
  • Fact:So far, there is no evidence to suggest that coronavirus can be transmitted through houseflies and mosquitoes.
  • Myth: Spraying disinfectant into your body or drinking methanol, ethanol will protect you from Covid 19.
  • Fact: DO NOT, under any circumstances, spray or introduce bleach or any other disinfectant into your body. These substances can be poisonous if ingested and cause irritation and damage to your skin and eyes. Bleach and disinfectant can be used to disinfect surfaces only. Methanol, ethanol, and bleach are poisons.
  • Myth: Mobile networks spread coronavirus.
  • Fact:Viruses cannot travel on radio waves/mobile networks. Coronavirus is spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs sneezes or speaks. People can also be infected by touching a contaminated surface.
  • Myth: Exposing yourself to the sun prevents Covid-19.
  • Fact: Countries with hot weather, including India, have reported Covid-19 cases in large numbers. That should put an end to the claims that the virus cannot survive under the sun.
  • Myth: Cold weather and snow can kill coronavirus.
  • Fact:According to WHO, the normal human body temperature remains around 36.5 degrees Celcius to 37 degrees C, regardless of the external temperature or weather. Hence, there’s no reason to believe that snow or cold weather can kill coronavirus.
  • Myth: Taking a bath with hot water prevents coronavirus.
  • Fact:Taking a hot bath will not prevent you from catching the virus. The normal body temperature remains 36.5 degrees C to 37 degrees C, regardless of the temperature of the shower.
  • Myth: Ordering or buying products shipped from overseas will give you coronavirus.
  • Fact: WHO says that the likelihood of becoming infected with Covid-19 from a commercial package is low since it has likely travelled over several days and been exposed to different temperatures and conditions during transit?
  • Myth: This novel coronavirus is not new, I’ve heard of it before
  • Fact:The term novel coronavirus means it’s a new type of coronavirus, which hasn’t been previously detected. ‘Coronavirus’ is a family of viruses and the reason people may have seen ‘Human Coronavirus’ on labels is that this refers to previous strains of the virus.
  • There are several names being used for this novel coronavirus. WHO has called the disease Covid-19 but the virus itself is called SARS-CoV-2.
  • Myth: Healthy food can prevent/cure coronavirus
  • Fact: People cannot prevent Covid-19 infection through diet. However, a healthy lifestyle, including balanced diet, has a positive significance in maintaining an immune system against virus attack.
  • Myth: Drink water every 15 minutes to avoid corona
  • Fact: To date, no cure for the deadly infection has been found and we can very safely say, water alone won’t solve the problem. It can only hydrate the body and lower the risk of infection by cutting outside effects. Water can’t kill the virus.
  • Myth: Vitamin C supplements will stop you from catching covid-19
  • Fact: Researcher have yet to find any evidence that vitamin c supplements can render people immune to covid 19 infections
  • Myth: The new coronavirus can be transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Fact: To date there has been neither information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquito. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva.
  • Myth: Drinking silver can kill strains of corona virus.
  • Fact: An American televangelist has falsely claimed colloidal silver which is particles of metal suspended in a liquid can kill some strains of coronavirus in 12 hours and can boost the immune system. However, there is no evidence that drinking silver helps, rather it can lead to Kidney damage and seizures.
  • Myth: Kids can’t catch corona virus
  • Fact: Children can definitely catch covid 19 through initial reports suggested fewer cases in children compared with adults.
  • Myth: Ultraviolet disinfection lamp can kill new corona virus.
  • Fact: UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of skin as up radiations can cause skin irritations.
  • Myth: The virus is just a mutated from of common cold.
  • Fact: No its not coronavirus is a large family of virus that include many different diseases sars-cov-2 does share similarities with other coronavirus, four of which can cause the common cold. 
  • Myth: You should not breast feed your baby if you are infected with covid
  • Fact: To date, no cure for the deadly infection has been found and we can very safely say, water alone won’t solve the problem. It can only hydrate the body and lower the risk of infection by cutting outside effects. Water can’t kill the virus.
  • Myth: Ayurveda, homeopathic and other herbal medicines can cure/prevent the coronavirus.
  • Fact:This debate started when the ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) released an advisory council suggesting that some Unani medicines can help to prevent the coronavirus infection. However, there is no scientific backing that supports this claim, so far.
  • Myth: Only old people are affected by coronavirus.
  • Fact: Although the ratio of old people getting infected is a little higher, it is because of their weak immune system and underlying co-morbidities. People with pre-existing diabetes mellitus, kidney disease and heart conditions are also at a greater risk for the infection and mortality. Young people also get infected, although mortality rates are on lower side.
  • Myth: Eating garlic will prevent the infection.
  • Fact: Because of the antimicrobial properties of garlic, people think it also prevents the COVID-19 infection. However, the WHO has already cleared that there is no evidence whatsoever that it prevents the virus.
  • Myth: Onset of summers mean a decline of the virus.
  • Fact: Although the previous coronaviruses—SARS and MERS—survived better in cold environments, there is no guarantee that the same will be true for COVID-19. From the evidence so far, the novel coronavirus can be transmitted in all areas, including areas with hot and humid weather. And assuming that the virus will disappear in the summer would be a false hope.
  • Myth: Eating meat can cause coronavirus.
  • Fact: The virus doesn’t spread through consumption of meat—chicken, mutton, or fish, and avoiding it doesn’t mean you will be safe. It can be spread when someone comes in contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person. And the only way to prevent this is regular use of hand sanitizers and social distancing.
  • Myth: Dogs can cause coronavirus.
  • Fact: This myth started when a dog was tested positive in Hong Kong. But later it was found that it was because the dog owner was infected with the virus, and when tested, the virus was found in the dog’s canine. However, WHO stepped in telling that coronavirus in dogs is not possible.
  • Myth: Visit a hospital if you are experiencing cough, high fever
  • Fact: Director of AIIMS, Dr Randeep Guleria says that one should not visit a hospital during a pandemic since it increases the chances of a healthy person catching the virus. One should consult a doctor over the phone if he/she is experiencing any symptoms at all and seek future course of action.
  • Myth: Donating blood can result in Covid-19 testing
  • Fact: This is untrue. One should not donate blood at a time like this unless and until one is absolutely sure that he/she is not infected.
  • Myth: Everyone with COVID-19 dies.
  • Fact: COVID-19 is fatal for a small percentage of people who develop the illness. The WHO have reported that around 80%Trusted Source of people with COVID-19 experience a relatively form of the illness and do not need specialist treatment in a hospital. Mild symptoms may include a fever, a cough, a sore throat, tiredness, and shortness of breath. Also, many people with the underlying infection experience no symptoms.
  • Myth: Rinsing the nose with saline protects against the coronavirus.
  • Fact: There is no evidence that a saline nasal rinse protects against any respiratory infections. Some research suggests that a rinse might ease the symptoms of acute upper respiratory tract infections, but scientists have not found that this technique reduces the risk of infection.
  • Myth: The development of the COVID-19 vaccine was rushed, so its efficacy and safety cannot be trusted.
  • Fact:The clinical trials completed to test the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines followed all the standard processes, including the creation of a placebo group, independent bodies that monitored the data and independent bodies that monitored the safety. Reasons for which the COVID-19 vaccines were developed so quickly include the many resources available to researchers, given the fact that the pandemic was a global emergency; the use of a method that has been in development for years; and prompt sharing of genetic information from China.
  • Myth: Getting the COVID-19 vaccine gives you the COVID-19 virus.
  • Fact: The vaccine for COVID-19 cannot give you COVID-19. The Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines instruct your cells to reproduce a protein that is part of the virus, which helps your body recognize and fight the virus more quickly and effectively. However, the vaccines do not contain the virus itself or instructions to produce the entire virus.
  • Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine enters your cells and alters your DNA.
  • Fact: The messenger RNA from the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines does enter your cells, but it does not enter the nucleus of the cells where DNA resides. The mRNA instructs the cell to make protein in the cytoplasm before quickly breaking down, never entering the nucleus nor affecting or interacting with your DNA in any way.
  • Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine contains controversial substances.
  • Fact: The Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines contain mRNA as well as normal vaccine ingredients, including fats (which protect the mRNA), salts, as well as a small amount of sugar. They do not contain any material such as implants, microchips or tracking devices.
  • Myth: The side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are dangerous.
  • Fact: The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines can have short-term side effects, but these are not serious or dangerous. In fact, symptoms such as body aches, headaches, or fever are simply signs that the vaccine is working to stimulate your immune system. On the rare occasion that symptoms persist beyond two days, you should call your doctor.

 

  • Myth: I’ve already had COVID-19, so I don’t need a vaccine.
  • Fact: People who have been infected with COVID-19 may still benefit from getting vaccinated. The protection gained from the previous infection with COVID-19 varies from person to person, and there is currently not enough information on how long this natural immunity might last.

 

  • Myth: I’m young and healthy, so I don’t need to get vaccinated.
  • Fact:It is critical for young, healthy adults to get vaccinated. The B.1.1.7 variant is heavily impacting young people, with more young people getting hospitalized as this more infectious strain becomes dominant. Additionally, young adults can get long-term complications, including chronic fatigue, chest pain, and shortness of breath and brain fog months after infection. Young adults are also easy transmitters of COVID-19, and can inadvertently infect more vulnerable populations.

 

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